Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the US. It occurs when pressure inside the eye rises, damaging the optic nerve and causing vision loss. The condition often develops over many years without pain or other symptoms – so you may not experience vision loss until the disease has progressed.
Symptoms that you could be developing glaucoma include blurred vision, loss of peripheral vision, halo effects around lights, and painful or reddened eyes. People at high risk include those who are over the age of 40, diabetic, nearsighted, African-American, or who have a family history of glaucoma.
To detect glaucoma, your physician will test your visual acuity and visual field, as well as the pressure in your eye. Regular eye exams help to monitor the changes in your eyesight and to determine whether you may develop glaucoma.
At the Shenandoah LASIK and Cataract Center we perform the latest high tests for glaucoma including Cirrus HD-OCT and the Humphrey® Field Analyzer/HFA II-i -The Gold Standard in Perimetry.
Once diagnosed, glaucoma can be controlled. Treatments to lower pressure in the eye include non-surgical methods such as prescription eye drops and medications, laser therapy, and surgery. For further information about glaucoma from the American Glaucoma Society.